Energy Sector

  1. Important Indicators
  2. Impact of Division of Bihar
  3. Overview of Financial Health
  4. Reform Efforts

Important Indicators

 

1. Historical Growth of Installed Power Generation Capacity
  (Bihar vs. All India/Other States)
  
2. States Installed Capacity (MW)
  
SLStates HydelThermalGas/WindTotal
1.Maharashtra1,6256,917297,571
2. Uttar Pradesh 1,5114,574-6,085
3.Tamil Nadu1,9633,1007255,788
4.Madhya Pradesh 8353,228194,082
5.West Bengal1422,758- 2,900
6.Punjab5452,130-2,675
7.Orissa1,27242011,693
8.Bihar: Pre-Division 1751,800-1,975
9.Bihar: Post-Division44540-584
  Source: Annual Report on the working of SEBs and EDs by Planning Commission, 2001.
   
3. Per Capita Consumption
  
SLStates1994-1995 1996-19971998-1999
1.Punjab759792861
2.Maharashtra500556594
3.Tamil Nadu430459 498
4.Madhya Pradesh 335367381
5.Orrisa333309313
6.West Bengal175194211
7.Uttar Pradesh204197196
8.Bihar134138152
9.All India320 324360
  Bihar - Per Capita Consumption: Pre-Division - 152 Units/Year, Post-Division - 60 Units/Year.
   
4. Coverage and Usage of Electricity
     Households Electrified: Bihar - 6%, All India - 35%
  
SLVillage Electrification Total VillagesElectrified VillagesPercent
1.Bihar: Pre-Division67,00037,00055.22%
2.Bihar: Post-Division45,10318,217 40.38%
All India84% Villages Electrified

 

Impact of Division of Bihar

 

1. Generating Capacity
  
SLPower Plants Unified BiharSuccessor Bihar
  (Pre 14-11-2000)(Post 14-11-2000)
1.BSEB  
  Patratu TPS840(Jharkhand)
 Barauni TPS320320
 Muzaffarpur TPS220220
 Subernrekha HEP130(Jharkhand)
 Kosi HEP19.219.2
2.BHPC  
  Hydel Projects24.924.9
3.TVNL  
 Tenughat TPS420*
 TOTAL1,974.1584.1
* TVNL is a Bihar Govt. Company under Companies Act, but the plant is located in Jharkhand.
Govt of India assigned it to Jharkhand without any division. Govt. of Bihar has filed a suit in
the Supreme Court.
2. Change in Consumer Profile of BSEB
  
Unified BSEB (%) Successor BSEB (%)
Jharkhand SEB (%) Legend
  
SLCategoryUnified BSEB (%) Successor BSEB (%)JSEB (%)
1.Domestic1315.910.9
2.Commercial56.34.4
3.Industrial4825.1 72.0
4.Irrigation2032.56.0
5.Railways913.34.2
6.Others56.92.5
Total100 100100
   
3. Loss of Revenue
  
SLCategory Avg. RateLoad Pattern (%) of BSEBWeightage (Paise)
  (P/kwh)UnifiedSuccessor 3 x 43 x 5
1.Domestic1661315.921.5826.39
2.Commercial31756.3 15.85 19.97
3.Industrial4664825.1 223.68 116.97
4.Irrigation132032.5 2.6 4.23
5.Railways492913.3 44.28 65.44
6.Others30056.9 15.00 20.70
Total332.99100100 332.99253.70
  Loss of Revenue due to division of Bihar
  
(i)Average TarrifUnified BSEB 332.9p/kwh
  Successor BSEB - 253.7P/kwh
  Shortfall 79.2P/kwh
(ii)Quantum of Power sold for unified BSEB  8,500MU
(iii)54% as share of successor of BSEB  4,590MU
(iv)Loss of Revenue(4590 x 79.2)/(10 x 100)=Rs. 365Crores per Annum

 

Overview of Financial Health

 

1. Assessment vs. Collection of Bihar State Electricity Board (BSEB)
  
SLArea Boards Units ReceivedUnits SoldPercentage
  (Pre 14-11-2000)(Post 14-11-2000) 
1. PESU1,588.10663.7641.80
2. Central801.60314.9125.24
3.Magadh771.30304.2823.46
4.Bhagalpur523.80249.5247.63
5.Darbhanga274.40199.7072.77
6.Kosi428.10 200.9446.93
7.Tirhut578.80276.2347.72
 TOTAL4,966.102,209.3444.49
   
2. Monthly Receipts and Expenditure
  
 Collection
Average Revenue Collection:6,500.00 Lakhs
Non-Plan Loan from State Govt.    : 3,437.00 Lakhs
Total :9,937.00 Lakhs
    
 Monthly Expenditure
Establishment (including retirement benefits) :3,305.16 Lakhs
Administrative Expenses:154.11 Lakhs
Generation Cost:509.80 Lakhs
O&M Cost (Transmission & Distribution):70.00 Lakhs
Electricity Duty:165.00 Lakhs
Entry-Tax:30.00 Lakhs
Power Purchase  
NTPC:6,735.00 Lakhs
NHPC:200 Lakhs
PTC:580 Lakhs
PGCIL:759.00 Lakhs
Against Arrear:1,337.00 Lakhs
BSHPC:100 Lakhs
Total Monthly Expenditure:  13,945.07 Lakhs
   
  Total Deficit = 13,945.07 - 9,937.00 = Rs. 4,008.07 Lakhs or say, Rs. 4,000 Lakhs Per Month
  Annual Deficit = Rs. 480 Crores
  Additional Burden on account of tripartite agreement (2005-09) = Rs. 931.87 Crores
   
3. Bihar State Electricity Board (BSEB) - Profit/Loss
  
Items2000-01
 
2001-02
(Prov.)
2002-03
(Prov.)
2003-04
(A.P.)
2003-04
(R.E.)
2004-05
(A.P.)
 BiharUnifiedSuccessorSuccessorSuccessorSuccessorSuccessor
Net operating surplus/
deficit after interest on
Institutional Creditors
(473.56)(498.84)(599.22)(447.40)(672.25)(737.59)
Commercial Profit
(Rs. in Crores)
(1,098.60)(886.82) (1,066.68) (447.40) (1,200.48) (1,319.44)
   
4. Bihar State Hydroelectric Power Corporation (BSHPC)
  Commissioned Projects:
  
Name DistrictCapacity (MW)
DehriRohtas6.6
Valmiki NagarWest Champaran15.0
BarunAurangabad3.3
KataiyaSupaul19.2
Total  44.1 MW
  18 small hydro projects are under construction and scheduled to be commissioned by June 2006.
  17 out of 18 projects are being constructed with loan from NABARD.
  
Financial Year IncomeExpenditureOperating Profit
2003-2004977.12467.39509.73
2002-20031,037.17400.91636.26
2001-20021,075.54 351.67723.87
  Source: www.bshpcltd.com(Rs. in Lakhs)

 

Reform Efforts

Important issues involved with reform exercise included the followings:

Various milestones and highlights of the ongoing efforts are: